Chemotherapy is crucial to the treatment of different types of cancer, but before a cancer patient undergoes this procedure, chemosensitivity testing is important.
In simple terms, chemotherapy refers to the use of drugs to stop the growth of a cancerous cell, while Chemosensitivity testing is an examination of the likely resistance of the cancer cells to the treatment (chemotherapy). Got that distinction? Now, let’s proceed.
Chemosensitivity testing does not only help to avoid inefficient treatment of cancer cells, but it also saves patients from the pain, waste of energy, and resources associated with chemotherapy. Whatever form of cancer a patient has been diagnosed with, it is important to detect the resistance level of the cancer cells before proceeding with treatment.
Cancer cells, when divided, grow fast when they are not urgently treated, this is why a range of treatments are targeted at killing the divisive cells. Several cancer therapies look into the origin of the cancerous cells and the development stage of cancer before any treatment is administered.
Chemosensitivity examination plays a vital role in ensuring that effective treatment and therapy are applied to cancer cells depending on their origin and resistance level. This test measures the survival level of a cancer level and its divisive potential when being tackled with anti-cancer medicines.
Ovarian and Breast Cancer and Importance of Chemosensitivity Test
Many studies have found that there is a connection between ovarian and breast cancers, while for some women, ovarian and breast cancers occur by chance with no known cause, the growth of these cancers in other women is linked with HBOC.
Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) is an inherited genetic condition. When people have inherited mutations in the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2, it increases the risks of ovarian and breast cancers.
For many women that are diagnosed with ovarian or breast cancer, chemotherapy is often their next line of action to prevent the growth of the cancerous cell. While chemotherapy comes with great hopes and assurance of recovering from cancer, it is dangerous to start this process without chemosensitivity testing.
It is no secret that chemotherapy is not always an effective treatment for every case of cancer, there have been several reports of failure of this treatment Chemosensitivity testing reveals the level of resistance of cancer cells, thereby helping to prevent ineffective chemotherapies.
Chemosensitivity test is one of the methods in chemosensitivity assay and shows the possible clinical response of cancerous cells to treatment.
Knowing the importance of chemosensitivity testing is necessary to help patients make informed decisions and also help doctors know the best approach to take treating patients. Hence, this test is a prerequisite to chemo treatment.
Also, the resistance level of cancer cells differs from one patient to another, and also on the growth stage of cancer.
For several years, chemosensitivity assays have been used to screen anti-cancer drugs and treatments for ovarian and breast cancers. While the preclinical evaluations of many patients have revealed positive response rates, there are still some exceptions.
However, modern clinical techniques are being adopted to cross-check the promising response rates of cancer cells to drugs and treatments in many patients. Despite some limitations and resistance, the hopes are still very much high.
Chemosensitivity testing forms the bedrock of chemotherapies, which entails the combination of anti-cancer drugs and other treatments. Tailoring therapy and drugs to correctly tackle cancer cells is important.
Regardless of the type of cancer you’ve been diagnosed with, some treatments methods are effective, most importantly after due analysis has been done. Talk to your doctor for the best therapeutic treatment.